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US Manned Spacecraft History And Photography
OV-101 Enterprise
Intrepid Air, Sea, Space Museum
New York, NY

Space Shuttle Enterprise

• Serial Number:OV-101
• Nickname:Enterprise
• First Launch Date:N/A
• Status:Retired
Space shuttle OV-101 Enterprise on display at its former home in the James S. McDonnell Space Hangar at the Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center near Dullas International Airport in Chantilly, Virginia. Enterprise has since been moved to New York City to be placed on display at the Intrepid Air, Sea, Space Museum. She goes on display starting on July 19, 2012.

OV-101 was planned to be named Constitution, but an organized letter writing campaign lead NASA to name the vehicle after the Starship Enterprise from the Star Trek TV series. The Enterprise was used for approach and landing tests where it was dropped from the top of a Boeing 747 airliner. The original plan was to refit Enterprise for flight, but it was determined that it would be cheaper to build a new shuttle from an airframe that was built as a test article. This new shuttle became OV-99 Challenger. It was later considered to refit Enterprise for flight after the loss of Challenger, but instead, a new shuttle, OV-105 Endeavour, was built from spare parts. Enterprise did serve NASA one last time after the Columbia accident. Wing leading edge panels were removed from Enterprise and used in testing as part of the accident investigation.

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